I was intending to write this post for some time now, however this brilliant infographic by Mervik Haums was available and its a great resource of tips of getting your Google+ Authorship setup.
To put this in a nutshell,
- Ensure you have put your best DP on your Google+ profile
- In the post you are writing, ensure that your name is displayed as the anchor text with a link pointing to your Author Profile with rel=author
- In your Author Profile, have a link to your Google+ profile with rel=me
I did this the earlier day for Good Home Advisor, and it worked within the next couple of days.
PS – Google Authorship has been nerfed by Google and the data is no longer available. Just one more example in the SEO industry when everyone starts abusing a particular rule, Google nerfs it!